Alberta Court Allows Substitutional Service on Facebook

According to an interesting article posted by Shaunna Mireau,  ‘Substitutional Service via Facebook in Alberta’ on Slaw,  on February 5, 2009  Master Breitkreuz ordered in Knott v. Sutherland that the plaintiffs could substitutionally serve one of the multiple defendants by publication of a notice in the newspaper, by forwarding a copy of the statement of claim to the human resources department where the defendant (formerly) worked, and also by sending notice of the action to the Facebook profile of the defendant. Precedent for service in civil matters via Facebook exists from Australia and New Zealand, but has not been previously been allowed in Canada.

The Order can be cited as: This order can be cited Knott v. Sutherland (5 February 2009), Edmonton 0803 02267 (Alta. Q.B.M.)

You’ve Been Served – On Facebook?

An Australian lawyer has won the right to serve a default judgment by posting the terms of the judgment on the defendants’ Facebook “Wall”. In a December 2008 ruling that appears to be the first of its kind anywhere in the world, Master Harper of the Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory held that the lawyer could use the social networking site to serve court notices.

The court had previously allowed the lawyer to attempt service by email and text messaging the couple’s mobile phones, but these attempts were unsuccessful. The defendants, Carmel Rita Corbo and Gordon Kingsley Maxwell Poyser failed to keep up the repayments on $150,000 they borrowed from MKM in 2007 to refinance the mortgage on their Kambah townhouse The Facebook profiles showed the co-defendants’ dates of birth, email addresses and ‘friend’ lists and declared the co-defendants to be friends of one another. This information was enough to satisfy the Master that Facebook would be effective in bringing knowledge of the legal proceedings to the attention of the defendants. (In fact, it seems that the news of the default judgment got out before the lawyer, Mr. McCormack, had the opportunity to serve the papers. The couple’s Facebook profiles disappeared from the social networking site).

Facebook, for its part, was quite happy with the result, stating: “We’re pleased to see the Australian court validate Facebook as a reliable, secure and private medium for communication. The ruling is also an interesting indication of the increasing role that Facebook is playing in people’s lives.”

Interestingly, in an earlier Australian decision, Citigroup Pty Ltd. v. Weerakoon, reported in April of 2008, the Queensland District Court refused a request to allow substituted service of court documents by email to a defendant’s Facebook page. In so deciding, Judge Ryrie stated: “I am not so satisfied in light of looking at the uncertainty of Facebook pages, the facts that anyone can create an identity that could mimic the person’s identity and indeed be the defendant, even though practically speaking it may well indeed be the person who is the defendant.”

OTHER SOURCES:

“Facebook okay for serving court documents: Australian Court”, National Post (Wednesday, December 17, 2008)

Rod McGuirk, “Aussie Court OKs Using Facebook for Serving Lien”, ABC News (December 16, 2008)

Bonnie Malkin, “Australian couple served with legal documents via Facebook”, Telegraph (December 16, 2008)

 

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